© Davis Eye Associates 2014 Made with Xara Comprehensive Eye Health Exam Every eye exam starts with your vision but we also check so much more: Detailed health and visual history - We are interested in your medical history since the eyes can show signs of diseases such as diabetes and hypertension.  What are your visual demands and goals. Refraction and measurement of your visual acuity - This is a complicated test that determines your prescription.  This is utilized to help you reach your visual goals. Evaluation of the muscles that control your eyes - This is essential as muscle problems can be the hidden reason for headaches and eyestrain. Biomicroscopy - This is a magnified examination of the front of the eye (lids, lashes, cornea, iris and lens).  We can detect cataracts, dry eye and corneal problems that cause discomfort and vision loss. Examination of the retina - We examine the optic nerve (to detect glaucoma), the blood vessels (to rule out diabetes and hypertension) and the retina (for tears, tumors or bleeding) to obtain information about your health in general.  The eye is the only place in the body a doctor is able to directly view the health of arteries and veins.  We have diagnosed glaucoma, diabetes, cancer and brain tumors in patients.  If these are caught early you sight and/or life can be saved.  The Optomap aids us greatly in examining the inside of your eyes. Visual field testing - This test measures the side vision in each eye.  A defect could mean a problem with the optic nerve (such as glaucoma) or in the brain. Tonometry - Sometimes described as the “glaucoma test,” this test measures the pressure within your eye.  Increased eye pressure is rarely painful, but can lead to glaucoma and progressive vision loss. Summary and discussion with the doctor - Your doctor will summarize your eye examination results in terms you can understand.  There may be treatment options for cataracts, glaucoma, dry eyes or other eye conditions.  Your doctor will lay out different options for your vision correction.  These may include:  glasses, orthokeratology, daytime contact lenses or no changes may be necessary.  Ask your doctor any questions you may have - we’re here for you!